CSS is the soul of web development. If you master CSS, I would say that you master the web development industry more or less. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets and it is used for styling different items on a webpage. Every webpage makes use of CSS for displaying the content as it displays you. If you see a text in red colour, or if you see some text with blue background, it is all because of using CSS for that particular element.
Before you get started with learning CSS, I would like you to know what CSS is and how can it be implemented in a webpage. Even before that, I would recommend you to get Notepad++, so that you are able to write better codes in CSS and design better. If you are unsure about using Notepad++, read this article I wrote earlier.
What is CSS?
As I already told you, CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. It is used for designing the content of a webpage. It can also be used for designing any XML document, including the plain XML, SVG, and XUL. CSS was designed basically to differentiate the document information from the document presentation. The document presentation is stored separately and the information is stored separately. The document presentation includes the layouts, the styles, the colour and the font of a particular element of that markup language. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) maintains the CSS Specifications.
Ways to Implement CSS in a Webpage
There are various ways to implement CSS in a webpage specifically. You can use any one of them to implement your presentation code in your webpage. These are as follows:
- External CSS: When the CSS code is stored in a separate “.css” file, it is called external CSS. It must be used when you need to use the same CSS code on different webpages. It is linked to an HTML webpage using the “link” tags and then specifying the address of the CSS file.
- Internal CSS: When the CSS code is embedded into each and every web page individually, it is called Internal CSS. This can be helpful when you need to implement CSS for a particular webpage only. It is implemented using the “script” tag in HTML.
- Inline CSS: When the CSS code is specified right at the element level, it is called Inline CSS. It is applicable to only the current element, for which it is described and can’t be reused. Using Inline CSS is never advised, unless used for a very specific purpose. It should always be either defined in an external file or using the internal CSS. It is specified using the “style” attribute, which can be used for any HTML tag (mostly).
Personally speaking, I always prefer External CSS because it allows me to have all my CSS code in a separate file, which I can look at as and when I want. I don’t have to open my webpage code again and again to edit something or to view something.
The Official Place to Learn CSS
When I ask anyone what the place to learn CSS is, everyone asks me to go to the same website. It is the website maintained by W3C, called W3Schools. You can visit the website by clicking here.
Also, to let you know, we will also offer a lot of various CSS tutorials for you to learn. You can have a look at all the articles we have in the CSS category. I will be sharing new tricks and tutorials as and when I learn something new.
You can subscribe to Slash Coding using your favourite social media, or you can also subscribe to our email updates. The opt-in forms for the same are placed throughout the website. Just type in your email address and get ready to learn CSS!